A Biblical Worldview of Manhood and Womanhood

“A Biblical Worldview of Manhood and Womanhood”

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CENTURION EDUCATION FOUNDATION

by

Dr. Andrew T. Knight

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How Does a Biblical Worldview Differ?

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Andrew Thomas Knight

DMIN Luther Rice Seminary, 2014

MABA Clarks Summit University, 2018

MRE West Coast Baptist College, 2010

MBS Emmanuel Baptist Theological Seminary, 2004

BB Pensacola Christian College, 1994

April 21, 2017

TABLE OF CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION………………………………….……………………. 1

Perception of the Problem..……………..………….…………………. 1

Description of the Problem..……………..……………….…………….. 2

The Problem in Biblical Perspective……………………………………. 2

Old Testament……..………………………………..……..……………. 3

I Kings 2:2-4…………………………….……………………..…… 3

Micah 6:8….……………………………..…………………………. 3

Proverbs 6:9……………………..…………………………………… 4

Psalm 1:1-6…………………………………………………………… 4

New Testament………………………………………………………… 4

I Corinthians 16:13-14……………………………………………… 4

I Peter 3:7…………………………………………………………… 5

I Corinthian 13:11.…………………………………………………… 5

II Timothy 2:15………………………………………………………. 5

Biblical Manhood………………………………………………………. 6

Masculine Identity……………………………………………………… 6

Masculine Leadership..…………………………………………………. 9

Biblical Womanhood.…………………………………………………..10

Feminist Mind…………………………………………………………..10

Adam’s Helper………………………………………………………….11

Godly Examples……………………………………………………….. 12

CONCLUSION……………………………………………………………. 16

INITIAL SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY ……………………………………..18

INTRODUCTION

Perception of the Problem

The perception of the problem with biblical manhood and womanhood is that as the

culture moves further from their biblical roots men and women drift further and further from

their identity as men and women. God has made normal, godly, sexuality and identity to have a

high significance and consequence for lack of adherence. I Corinthians 6:9 “Know ye not that the

unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor

idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind,” Human

sexuality involves all humans but specifically addressing Christians in this writing. The problem

is that as the culture moves Christianity generally along with the culture. These cultural problems

were discussed in the Danvers Statement: Relative to confusion of the sexes, (1.) “The

widespread uncertainty and confusion in our culture regarding the complementary differences

between masculinity and femininity:”[1] The devaluation of children and motherhood, (4.) “the

widespread ambivalence regarding the values of motherhood, vocational homemaking, and many

ministries historically performed by women;”[2] The cultural shift relative to manhood and

womanhood have adversely affected the local church, (7.) “the emergence of roles for men and

women in church leadership that do not conform to Biblical teaching but backfire in the crippling

of Biblical faithful witness;”[3] These cultural shifts discussed have significantly harmed the

biblical blueprints for human sexuality, the Christian home, and the testimony of the local

church.

Description of the Problem

The problem happens when God is removed from the human experience, which is to say,

that men and women live as if God did not exist. When the worldview of men and women

eliminate God from their hearts and minds their worldview, relative to their sexuality, identity,

and their station in life change. All these changes are counter to the Divine Designers plan.

Romans 1:25-28 “Who changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshipped and served the

creature more than the Creator, who is blessed for ever. Amen. For this cause God gave them up

unto vile affections: for even their women did change the natural use into that which is against

nature: And likewise also the men, leaving the natural use of the woman, burned in their lust one

toward another; men with men working that which is unseemly, and receiving in themselves that

recompence of their error which was meet. And even as they did not like to retain God in their

knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not

convenient;” Thus, the problem moves from, not retaining God in their minds, to changing their

worldview of their own sexuality, to God giving them over to their reprobate minds.

The Problem in Biblical Perspective

The description of the problem begins with the Divine design. Genesis 2:21-23 “And the

LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, and he slept: and he took one of his ribs, and

closed up the flesh instead thereof; And the rib, which the LORD God had taken from man,

made he a woman, and brought her unto the man. And Adam said, This is now bone of my

bones, and flesh of my flesh: she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man.”

God was not only the Designer but He also made Woman for the purpose of companionship for

the Man. Genesis 2:18 “And the LORD God said, It is not good that the man should be alone; I

will make him an help meet for him.” God also made Man and Woman distinctly different from

each other. Genesis 1:27-28a “So God created man in his own image, in the image of God

created he him; male and female created he them. And God blessed them, and God said unto

them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth,” This is the Divine Design for men and

women.

Old Testament

I Kings 2:2-4

The biblical foundations and modal for biblical manhood are those who have given

themselves to spiritual matters. “I go the way of all the earth: be thou strong therefore, and shew

thyself a man; And keep the charge of the LORD thy God, to walk in his ways, to keep his

statutes, and his commandments, and his judgments, and his testimonies, as it is written in the

law of Moses, that thou mayest prosper in all that thou doest, and whithersoever thou turnest

thyself: That the LORD may continue his word which he spake concerning me, saying, If thy

children take heed to their way, to walk before me in truth with all their heart and with all their

soul, there shall not fail thee (said he) a man on the throne of Israel.” The promises made by the

Lord relative to men committing to being spiritual are extraordinary promises. Those who are

wise do well to follow this biblical pattern for biblical manhood.

Micah 6:8

The call of the prophet Micah was for manhood to resemble the Lord. “He hath shewed

thee, O man, what is good; and what doth the LORD require of thee, but to do justly, and to love

mercy, and to walk humbly with thy God?” The attributes of God can only be employed as men

commit themselves to follow the Lord.

Proverbs 6:9

The spiritual man understands that though he may make his own plans that the Lord has a

plan for him. “A man’s heart deviseth his way: but the LORD directeth his steps.” The spiritual

man will then stay open to the Lord’s leading, and sensitive to the Holy Spirit nudging him one

direction or another along life’s path.

Psalm 1:1-6

The psalmist gave the spiritual man superb counsel, relative to associations, and the fruit

of this advice pays great dividends.

“Blessed is the man that walketh not in the counsel of the ungodly, nor standeth in the way of sinners, nor sitteth in the seat of the scornful. But his delight is in the law of the LORD; and in his law doth he meditate day and night. And he shall be like a tree planted by the rivers of water, that bringeth forth his fruit in his season; his leaf also shall not wither; and whatsoever he doeth shall prosper. The ungodly are not so: but are like the chaff which the wind driveth away. Therefore the ungodly shall not stand in the judgment, nor sinners in the congregation of the righteous. For the LORD knoweth the way of the righteous: but the way of the ungodly shall perish.”

The spiritual man has a heart for the Lord and His Word. The Spirit of God leads the

spiritual man away from danger, while the carnal man runs head long into trouble and

destruction. The spiritual man is blessed in his life as he follows the instruction from the Lord.

New Testament

I Corinthians 16:13-14

Knowing the ways of the Lord and being taught to be generous makes the spiritual man a

better man as he follows the Lord. “Watch ye, stand fast in the faith, quit you like men, be

strong. Let all your things be done with charity. I beseech you, brethren, (ye know the house of

Stephanas, that it is the firstfruits of Achaia, and that they have addicted themselves to the

ministry of the saints,) That ye submit yourselves unto such, and to every one that helpeth with

us, and laboureth.” The spiritual man develops a submissive spirit within himself. He of cource is

submissive to the Lord but is also submissive to other Christians. He is sensitive to the needs of

others and seeks to serve them.

I Peter 3:7

The effect on men that the Lord has had is that the Lord makes men better husbands and

dads. “Likewise, ye husbands, dwell with them according to knowledge, giving honour unto the

wife, as unto the weaker vessel, and as being heirs together of the grace of life; that your prayers

be not hindered.” The men are no dummies, if he treats his wife and children right that benefits

him too, but he also gets his prayers answered!

I Corinthians 13:11

A mature Christian man matures spiritually, emotionally, and intellectually. He then can

be greater used of the Lord. “When I was a child, I spake as a child, I understood as a child, I

thought as a child: but when I became a man, I put away childish things.” A spiritual man makes

progress in his life. He moves on to other things that the Lord has for him.

II Timothy 2:15

A spiritual man is a student of God’s Word. “Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a

workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth.” He learns how to

properly understand the Bible. He learns how to listen to the Spirit of the Lord as He speaks to

him through His Word.

Biblical Manhood

Masculine Identity

A biblical masculine identity is something the Lord wants to be conscientious of and to

carry oneself in such a way as to honor the Lord and to be the man God has designed him to be.

John Piper explained it this way,

The tendency today is to stress the equality of men and women by minimizing the unique significance of our maleness or femaleness. But this depreciation of male and female personhood is a great loss. It is taking a tremendous toll on generations of young men and women who do not know what it means to be a man or a woman. Confusion over the meaning of sexual personhood today is epidemic. The consequence of this confusion is not a free and happy harmony among gender-free persons relating on the basis of abstract competencies. The consequence rather is more divorce, more homosexuality, more sexual abuse, more promiscuity, more social awkwardness, and more emotional distress and suicide that comes with the loss of God-given identity.[4]

The biblical manhood and womanhood identity are God’s divine plan for humanity.

Whenever men and women try to alter that identity everything in our culture that can go wrong

does go wrong. This cultural and theological equation maybe liked to the apologetic argument of

the clay and the potter, or the watch and the watch maker. When one comes to the dark place

where they think they know more about their own identity they the One who gave them their

identity, one can be sure that a destructive outcome will be the result.

Carolyn McCulley described in her book, “Radical Womanhood,” her conversion to

feminism while in women’s studies classes as her minor and her struggles with her identity

leading up to her conversion to Christianity. McCulley said, “I really didn’t know what to do

with my feminist identity, but I knew how to spar with men.”[5] McCulley’s testimony of how she

had been transformed into an angry feminist at Iowa State University, and then having come to

Christ, and to struggle with her feminism is all very real in our culture today. Her willingness to

receive biblical teaching on manhood and womanhood was to her credit. Through subsequent

biblical teaching after her conversion helped her to rethink her view of manhood and

womanhood. This story reveals how devastating unbiblical teaching can be on people’s

worldview of manhood and womanhood.

The men meanwhile for them to have a proper worldview of manhood and womanhood

must have sound biblical teaching. When men hold to a biblical worldview of manhood and

womanhood men produce a biblical responses and actions. John Piper also stated, “At the heart

of mature masculinity is a sense of benevolent responsibility to lead, provide and protect women

in ways appropriate to a man’s deferring relationships. At the heart of mature femininity is a

feeling of disposition to affirm, receive and nurture strength and leadership from worthy men in

ways appropriate to a woman’s differing relationships.” [6] Thus, Piper described the conduct of

both men and women toward each other who have a biblical worldview of manhood and

womanhood’s identity.

One of the major places Satan attaches is at the identity of manhood and womanhood.

These attacks on manhood and womanhood are the same attacks on marriages. John Piper and

Wayne Grudem discussed this issue, “We believe the Bible teaches that God means the

relationship between husband and wife to portray the relationship between Christ and His

church. The husband is to model the loving, sacrificial leadership of Christ, and the wife is to

model the glad submission offered freely by the church.”[7] Thus, if the institutions of the family

and the local church are to remain strong, vibrant, and to operate as divinely intended they must

hold to and implement a biblical worldview. They continued relative to the married woman,

Submission refers to a wife’s divine calling to honor and affirm her husband’s leadership and help carry it through according to her gifts. It is not an absolute surrender of her will. Rather, we speak of her disposition to yield to her husband’s guidance and her inclination to follow his leadership. Christ is her absolute authority, not the husband. She submits ‘out of reverence for Christ’ Eph. 5:21). The supreme authority of Christ qualifies the authority of her husband. She should never follow her husband into sin. Nevertheless, even when she may have to stand with Christ against the sinful will of her husband (1Peter 3:1, where she does not yield to her husband’s unbelief), she can still have a spirit of submission—a disposition to yield. She can show by her attitude and behavior that she does not like resisting his will and that she longs for him to forsake sin and lead in righteousness so that her disposition to honor him as head can again produce harmony.”[8]

This one paragraph might very well send blood out of the eyes of radical liberal women

in our culture today, but what about how Christian women conduct themselves today in even the

most conservative of churches? Relative to the men in the culture today, it is paramount that men

lead spiritual personal lives, and that they conduct themselves as the spiritual leader in the home.

The best church and the best pastor in the world cannot take the place of a spiritual husband and

dad in the home. Only the spiritual man can accomplish in the home what God wants to be

accomplished in the lives of wives and children.

Masculine Leadership

Masculine leadership in the home demonstrates itself in the spiritual, emotional and

physical wellbeing of his wife and children. I Timothy 3:4 “One that ruleth well his own house,

having his children in subjection with all gravity;” Considering this passage is from the ‘pastoral

epistles’ this writer might not consider it taking hermeneutical liberty to consider a running

definition of a bishop = overseer: a spiritual manager. A spiritual leader in the home is a man that

is sensitive and proactive to meeting the needs of his wife and children. Charles Swindoll stated,

“Knowing your wife includes those things about her that others don’t know and won’t know. Her deep fears and cares. Her disappointments as well as her expectations. Her scars and secrets and also her thoughts and dreams. That’s’ knowing your wife. It calls for a sensitive spirit, a willingness to be involved, to listen, to communicate, to care. Husbands—if your marriage is encoded, this is one of the most important issues you can give yourself to.”[9]

Masculine leadership comes from having right perspectives of life. Jesus taught right priorities. Matthew 6:33 “But seek ye first the kingdom of God, and his righteousness; and all these things shall be added unto you.” John Ashcroft learned this lesson as a spiritual man and stated it like this, “Dad’s devotion to the spiritual over the material, and the eternal over the temporal, required great sacrifice.”[10]

Biblical Womanhood

Feminist Mind

The historical perspective of feminism helps one to understand how the culture has

moved away from biblical womanhood. Carolyn McCulley explained,

Or, more simply put, liberal theology denies the authority of the Bible, the atoning work of Jesus Christ, and many other core doctrines of Christianity even as it embraces the popular philosophies of the time. The rise of liberalism eventually led to the twentieth-century division of American Christianity into liberal mainline churches and conservative evangelical and fundamentalist churches.[11]

This history actually depicts how Satan has gotten a toe hold in the culture, especially in

the Western hemisphere. Liberal churches have invited feminism in, not only to the pew but also

to the pulpits. The response has been a weekending of the institution of the local church, a

devastating result to an innumerable number of marriages. The destruction to the following

generations and the confusion in the culture relative to womanhood can largely be attributed to

feminism.

She also addressed the empowerment of a spiritual woman when she stated,

It takes a strong woman to selflessly nurture four children into adulthood. It takes a spiritually mature woman to follow her husband in his calling and support him in his gifting, traveling to the other side of the world to help him carry out his plans. It takes a bold woman to live counter to her culture, choosing the glory of Christ above any personal honor.[12]

If one really considers how God (Scripture) looks at womanhood and what the culture

(Hollywood, public education, secular media) teaches about womanhood no reasonably minded

person would argue that they are not polar opposites. For secular women this secular view of

womanhood is a sin of commission as secular women have deliberately chosen to view

womanhood without a biblical worldview (Romans 1:20 “For the invisible things of him from

the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his

eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse:”).

The Christian woman who holds to an unscriptural view of womanhood are at least guilty

of sin by omission, which is to say, Christian women who may not have completely thought

through, or needless to say, have not been very well discipled have been deceived into embracing

a ungodly worldview of womanhood.

Adam’s Helper

Nancy DeMoss has put forth some research relative to wives being submissive to their

husbands. She stated, “The fact is, successful relationships and healthy cultures are not built on

the claiming of rights but on yielding of rights.”[13] DeMoss also gave a historical context, “The

turmoil and rebellion of the 1960’s was birthed out of a philosophy that promoted rights. This

philosophy has permeated our Christian culture. It creeps into our conversations. It helped shape

the way we view all of life.”[14] It is easy to argue that all sin is rebellion against God, and

DeMoss has certainly made a clear connection of the vehicle which sin rode into the culture

which was the feminist movement, which was shamelessly built on rebellion.

DeMoss also mentioned the biblical characteristics of a mother. At the end of this list she

also mentioned the destructive impact an ungodly worldview has had on children. She explained,

They redefined what it means to be a woman and tossed out widely held views of a woman’s priorities and mission in life. Concepts such as virtue, chastity, submission, and modesty were largely eliminated from our vocabulary, and replaced with choice, divorce, infidelity, and unisex lifestyles. The daughters and granddaughters of that generation have never known any other way of thinking.[15]

What has happened in the culture is that virtually all biblical attributes of a biblical

worldview of womanhood have been removed from the culture. This removal of biblical virtues

has too much degree been removed from the Christian community as well. The New-Evangelical

movement has exasperated the problem further by not holding to any standards of dress, music,

conduct, and because the Christian community has adopted the Hollywood philosophy of dating

rather than biblical courtship.

The Bible discussed order in the family, and DeMoss elaborated on that order, “The

Truth is that God did not make man to be a ‘helper’ to the woman. He made the woman to be a

‘helper’ to the man. Of course this does not mean that men are not to serve their wives and

children.”[16] The first time God said, “It is not good” was in reference to man’s not having a

mate. Gen. 2:18 “And the LORD God said, It is not good that the man should be alone; I will

make him an help meet for him.”

Godly Examples

Scripture gives us wonderful examples of godly women recording their love for the Lord,

their husbands, their children, and love for others. Edith Deen captured some of the women of

the Bible and their examples of godly womanhood. She wrote about Eve stating,

All of the great epochs in a woman’s life, her marriage, mating, and motherhood, unfold in all of their completeness in the Genesis account of Eve. The family, too, with all its joys and headaches comes into being, with Eve as the center of it. In eve all the elemental questions of life, birth, and death, even sin and temptation, are shown in their human dimension.[17]

The life of Eve was and is instrumental to understanding God’s plan for marriage, and

family. Eve was not perfect, but she did present a model of a woman who was godly and a

woman who has had countless numbers of women model their lives, marriages, and families

after her.

Deen also discussed the life of Sarah and pointed out how Sarah conducted herself in a

godly manner with her husband Abraham. Their lives together were tested by God, but Sarah

showed herself to be strong personally and in her faith in God, and trusting in her husband. Deen

explained,

Sarah’s life became Abraham’s. Where he went she went, not as his shadow but as a strong influence. Together they experienced the vicissitudes of nomatic life and found in them great spiritual significance. Abraham, man of God, was willing to forsake home and country for the unknown, with Sarah ever at his side. Her love and loyalty were blessed by Abraham’s devotion to her.[18]

Sarah’s life did not paint a picture of a life of ease and comfort, but rather a life of many

twists, turns, and ups and downs. Sarah’s life also painted a picture, not only of personal faith

and courage, but also a life of dignity and graciousness. Hers and other women’s biblical profiles

exemplify the principle; more is caught, than taught. Sarah’s life profile is one that is admired by

all that see her on the pages of biblical history.

Miriam was mentioned in Exodus 15:21 “And Miriam answered them, Sing ye to the

LORD, for he hath triumphed gloriously; the horse and his rider hath he thrown into the sea.”

And Miriam is referred to as the first woman singing unto the Lord. Singing unto the Lord truly

is worship and Miriam certainly exemplified worship and love for the Lord.

Deen took a look at the godly life of Miriam and discussed her dedicated life to the Lord.

she discussed Miriam this way,

Miriam is the first woman singer on record. The wonder of it is that she sang unto the Lord, using her great gift for the elevation of her people. With her they exulted over their escape from their enemies. And with freedom came a newly discovered faith and confidence in God. This was Miriam’s great hour. She was the new Israel’s most renowned woman, and her people held her in high regard. She had filled an important role in the founding of the Hebrew commonwealth.[19]

Miriam holds a significant place and a legacy in biblical history. This is one that men and

women alike should take notice of and praise God for as Christian women make application to

their own walk with the Lord. Miriam’s live story is one that demonstrates how much influence

one may have as she uses her life as an instrument for the Lord’s glory. Her life was mentioned

not only because of her life of worship but for the byproduct, which was the influence she had on

the Hebrews.

The final woman from the Bible that will be profiled is maybe the most famous,

described in Proverbs 31: 10 “Who can find a virtuous woman? for her price is far above rubies.”

The virtuous woman has been taught and preached maybe on every Mother’s Day. Deen

explained,

Her chastity, her diligence, her efficiency, her earnestness, her love for her husband and children, even her business foresight, are brilliantly illustrated in words that rise up majestically from the page. But the light in all its effulgence shines upon her godliness. This quality, the Bible seems to say, is what gives meaning, purpose, and direction to her life.[20]

Deen described this virtuous woman with great terminology and each word was merited

by this woman recorded for us in the book of Proverbs. In the description of this virtuous woman

in verses 10-30 her virtues are many. The grocery-list of virtues are one’s to be studied and

considered. These virtues are timeless and applicable to all cultures, in all time periods, and will

serve women well, and bless those in her life.

CONCLUSION

The perception of the problem in this research relative to sexuality within Christianity is

the shifting culture which was stated and defined. One specific problem addressed was feminism

and the confusion that has been brought into the culture, and more specifically the challenges

that feminism brings into the marriage relationship. Another stated problem is how feminism has

brought additional problems in churches and church leadership. Though space did not allow

addressing this more fully, one can conclude that if there is trouble in the marriages of church

leadership it will hinder or disqualify men from the pastorate or holding the office of deacon.

The description of the problem was stated as the biblical worldview losing its central

place in the institutions of the family and the local church, and in the culture at large. The

theological problem with the culture and with Christians is the departure from sound doctrine.

The problem in biblical perspective was stated with Genesis chapters one and two as

foundational to the culture. The worldview of manhood and womanhood has its foundational

principles in the Genesis account, to include the issues of identity, sexuality, masculinity, and

femininity. The biblical perspective includes both Old and New Testament references to

establish a biblical worldview of manhood and womanhood.

Masculine identity was addressed in the context of a biblical worldview. The devastating

fallout in the culture and within Christianity was addressed to include the unbiblical deviations

from biblical principles. The cultural problems associated with this changing worldview were

listed. The connection between having a biblical worldview of manhood and womanhood was

made with having a proper, healthy, happy, and godly identity of oneself as a man or woman.

Masculine leadership in the local church and home were addressed. The pastoral Epistles

were referenced that gave a sound biblical basis for the leadership in the local church. Masculine

leadership was dealt with relative to the home life as a husband and a dad.

Biblical womanhood was discussed. The authors that were sourced were a great help to

identify the feminist mindset within the culture, and within Christianity. Some historical context

of the feminist movement were discussed along with the areas within the culture that Satan has

been able to get a toe hold, such as the mainline churches, and other institutions in the culture

where liberalism has flourished.

Biblical womanhood was very well communicated by Nancy DeMoss. She identified the

Genesis chapters one and two, and explained how God made woman to be a helper to man.

This research concludes with the most beautiful examples of godly womanhood. The

character and life of Eve was discussed. The life and faith of Sarah was highlighted. The

wonderful testimony of Miriam was brought to light. This study of manhood and womanhood

came to a beautiful close with a discussion of the list of virtues the Lord has given to us in the

virtuous woman recorded in Proverbs thirty-one.

INITIAL SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPGY

Ashcroft, John. Lessons from a Father. Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1998.

Deen, Edith. All The Women of The Bible. New York: Harper Collins Publishers, 1983.

DeMoss, Nancy. Lies Women Believe: And the Truth That Sets Them Free. Chicago: Moody Publishers, 2001.

McCulley, Carolyn, Radical Womanhood: Feminine Faith in a Feminist World. Chicago: Moody Publishers, 2008.

Piper, John and Wayne Grudem, Recovering Biblical Manhood & Womanhood: A Response to Evangelical Feminism. Wheaton: IL: Crossway Books, 1991.

Swindoll, Charles R. Man to Man. Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishers, 1996.

Internet Sources

Barna, George. “What Americans Believe About Sex.” The Barna Group. https://www.barna.com/research/what-americans-believe-about-sex/ (accessed April 3, 2017).

Duesing, Jason & Thomas White. http://cbmw.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/12-2.pdf (accessed April 13, 2017).

The Counsel on Biblical Manhood and Womanhood, “The Danvers Statement, 1987,” http://www.churchcouncil.org/iccp_org/Documents_ICCP/English/17_Male_Female_Dis tinctives_A&D.pdf (accessed April 14, 2017).

  1. 1. The Counsel on Biblical Manhood and Womanhood, “The Danvers Statement, 1987,” http://www.churchcouncil.org/iccp_org/Documents_ICCP/English/17_Male_Female_Distinctives_A&D.pdf (accessed April 14, 2017).
  2. Ibid., 1.
  3. Ibid., 1.
  4. John Piper, and Wayne Grudem, Recovering Biblical Manhood & Womanhood: A Response to Evangelical Feminism” (Wheaton: IL: Crossway Books, 1991), 33.
  5. Carolyn McCulley, “Radical Womanhood: Feminine Faith in a Feminist World” (Chicago: Moody Publishers, 2008), 23.
  6. Ibid., Piper, 35-36.
  7. Ibid., John Piper and Wayne Grudem, 61.
  8. Ibid., John Piper and Wayne Grudem, 61.
  9. Charles R. Swindoll, Man to Man (Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishers, 1996), 33.
  10. John Ashcroft, Lessons from a Father (Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1998), 166.
  11. Ibid., McCulley, 192.
  12. Ibid., 198.
  13. Nancy DeMoss, Lies Women Believe: And the Truth That Sets Them Free (Chicago: Moody Publishers), 2001.
  14. Ibid., 74.
  15. Ibid., 124.
  16. Ibid., 142-143.
  17. Edith Deen, All The Women of The Bible (New York: Harper Collins Publishers, 1983), 5.
  18. Ibid., 9.
  19. Ibid., Deen, 59.
  20. Ibid., 152.

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