An Evaluation of the Debate Is Belief in God Reasonable

“An Evaluation of the Debate, ‘Is Belief in God Reasonable?’”




Dr. Andrew T. Knight


Should you be an atheist of a believer?


Andrew Thomas Knight

DMIN Luther Rice Seminary, 2014

MRE West Coast Baptist College, 2010

MBS Emmanuel Baptist Theological Seminary, 2004

BB Pensacola Christian College, 1994

October 7, 2017


INTRODUCTION………………………………….…………………….. 1

An Evaluation of Craig’s Line of Argumentation……………………. 2

The Strengths and Weaknesses of Craig’s Argumentations…………… 3

An Evaluation of Rosenberg’s Line of Argumentation………………… 4

CONCLUSION……………………………………………………………. 5

The Final Assessment of the Craig vs. Rosenberg Debate …………….. 5



This paper revolves around the evaluation of the debate between William Lane

Craig and Alex Rosenberg. The debate material centers on the topic of the existence of God.

Craig comes at the question from an evidential apologetic approach, as a born again Christian.

Rosenberg on the other hand approaches the question of the existence of God’s existence from

a Jewish, agnostic perspective. The debate was held at Purdue University in Indiana, though the

debate was likely organized from Craig and Talbot School of Theology in California.

This writer will than evaluate the lines of argumentation of Craig’s for their strengths and

weaknesses. This writer will than continue with an evaluation of Rosenberg’s lines of

argumentation, including his weaknesses. This evaluation with conclude with an assessment of

which debater won the debate, including reasons for the final conclusion.

An Evaluation of Craig’s Line of Argumentation

William Lane Craig gave his opening statement which one might be considered in a

lecture format. This outlined format which Craig used was very easy to follow. His points were

clear and he explained each one, gave illustrations for each, and then reviewed the argument. He

than made a closing statement for each point that he presented. Craig employed a powerful set of

words for each argument, “God is the best explanation…”[1] which he used as part of his

apologetic argument and is of course a teaching principle, (repetition).

Craig began with the transcendental argument for God. In his outlined format he listed

the progression of the argument and that closed that argument with a series of apologetic steps

that led to the conclusion that the Creator of the universe is a transcendental, personal Being. The

second answer he gave was very similar. The next argument was of interest as this writer

believes there is a lot of math equations in the Bible. Craig made the argument that equated math

with nature. The following argument dealt with the fine-tuning of universe. Most of the closing

apologetic arguments are a three step process which begins with a presupposition and ends with

the expected conclusion of the existence of God. The fifth argument was an interesting one as

Craig argued that if one has a consciousness of the world than God does exist. The thinking

maybe that we are made in His likeness. Craig used this to turn the tables on Rosenberg as

Rosenberg argued consciousness awareness. Craig made Rosenberg look silly on this point. The

sixth argument that Craig put forth is language that Christians would be comfortable with, which

is to say is the moral argument for God. Craig offers the seventh argument which is the historical

proofs for the Resurrection of Christ. Craig’s last argument he discussed how one can know

Jesus Christ in a personal way.

The Strengths and Weaknesses of Craig’s Argumentations

The strengths of William Lane Craig’s debating style, first is that he is a consummate

professional. Craig held a godly and gracious testimony for the Lord throughout the entire event

and at every exchange with Rosenberg. Craig is very prepared for his debates. His use of outlines

and the PowerPoint on the overhead projector was helpful. This helped him make his case for the

existence of God, and to teach his audience. Craig consistently made clear and concise outlines

for his argumentation. The outlines had a clear progression of thought. Following the

argumentation were his apologetic bullet points that brought the reader or listener to a logical

conclusion. The final reason this writer thought Craig had such a good debate is because he was

likeable and that made him more acceptable to the unbelievers that watched the debate. Because

of the quality presentation that Craig put forth and his positive demeanor there were no

weaknesses that one could reasonably make in this debate.

An Evaluation of Rosenberg’s Line of Argumentation

Alex Rosenberg responded to William Lane Craig after Craig’s first argumentation. In

contrast to Craig’s very positive presentation Rosenberg got up and just began to rip into Craig in

a very negative and angry way. Rosenberg came off as very unlikable although he tried to tell a

joke or one-liners, but no one was laughing. Rosenberg had at least thirteen objections to

Craig’s argumentation. Rosenberg’s first objection was that be believed the burden of proof was

on Craig and not himself. Rosenberg’s second complaint is that Craig’s presentation was too

much like a lawyer in a court hearing. Third, Rosenberg suggested that the omnipresent of God

was inconsistent than God must not exist. Fourth Rosenberg attached the causation argument.

Rosenberg continued his rant against the fifth argument, the fine-tuning of the universe.

The sixth argument relative to God creating the universe out of nothing from Rosenberg seemed

to fall flat. The seventh argument was Rosenberg referencing Plato’s refutation of the moral

argument. Again this seemed to be more of a complaint than any kind of persuasive

argumentation. At one point Rosenberg was clearly calling Craig a liar. The retort that may have

been the most repugnant was Rosenberg arguing his thirtieth answer to Craig. Rosenberg argued

that all suffering must be removed if God really existed. In the middle of that argument he was

belittling the attributes of God. Than Rosenberg suggested that, “The problem of evil was the

theist problem from Hell.”[2] This was the epitome cynicism and a basic lack of understanding of

the character and nature of God. The level of negativity that Rosenberg displayed in this debate

hurt his appeal to those that might be sympathetic to his position, but it also made Craig look

more reasonable.


The Final Assessment of the Craig vs. Rosenberg Debate

This debate was an excellent teaching tool for evidential apologetics. Rosenberg was

necessary for this apologetic platform. Craig again put forth a positive argumentation and a

pleasant demeanor, which was a good testimony for Christ. The presentation that Craig offered

was professional, instructive, and persuasive. It would be this writers’ observation that Craig

presented himself is such a way that he earned the favor and respect of his listeners. The manner

in which Craig conducted himself made it very reasonable for any unbelieving listeners to

receive his logic and reasoning on their way to receiving Christ as their personal Saviour.

From this writer’s perspective it was clear that Craig was the clear winner of this debate.

Craig had the more professional presentation. Craig had well excepted, and well prepared

arguments for the existence for God. Craig also conducted himself in a gracious manner and

consistently treated Rosenberg with respect. Craig demonstrated that he was superior as an

educator. He not only had well prepared note, but also made them available on the big screen for

the audience and viewers to follow along.


Craig, William Lane, and Alex Rosenberg. Debate: Is Faith in God Reasonable, West Lafayette, IN., Purdue University, 2013.

  1. William Craig Lane, Debate: Is Faith in God Reasonable, West Lafayette, IN., Purdue University, 2013.
  2. Alex Rosenberg, Debate: Is Faith in God Reasonable, West Lafayette, IN., Purdue University, 2013.

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